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Apricot with the unusual name "Iceberg" is a seedling of the second and third own generation, obtained as a result of free pollination. Breeders A.K. Skvortsov and L.A. Kramarenko managed to isolate this variety about thirty years ago. The variety description was included in the list of the State Register a little more than ten years ago. This apricot belongs to the category of partially self-fertile, which implies the observance of some features of the growing technology.
Apricot trees "Iceberg" have a fairly small height. Usually, the height of an adult fruit tree does not exceed three meters. Fruit stands are characterized by moderate growth. The crown is represented by strongly branched annual shoots. Flowering is very magnificent. Flowers of attractive appearance, large sizes, white coloring. The average flower diameter does not exceed 3.7 cm. In the fruiting phase, the tree most often enters on the fourth day after vaccination.
Varietal characteristic of fruits
The fruits of the Iceberg apricot have a round or oval shape. The average mass of marketable fruit is about 20.5-22.5 g. Characteristic is a slight flattening of the fruit from the sides. The integumentary skin is quite thin, yellowish-orange, with pubescence. A small, point-like blush may be present on the surface of a fully ripened fetus. The flesh is yellowish-orange in color, with average density, very juicy, delicate texture. The stone is quite small and can be easily separated from ripe pulp.
Fruits of universal purpose, with good indicators of keeping quality. Fruits ripen in the last decade of July or early August. Yields are quite high, but may vary depending on care and climatic conditions in the cultivation region. Winter hardiness and frost resistance are very good. Fruiting is observed on all types of shoots.
How to plant an apricot
Features of the cultivation of partially self-fertile varieties
Despite the fact that self-fertile varieties of fruit crops show maximum productivity, partially self-fertile apricot called "Iceberg" forms a quite decent yield. Partial autofertility of fruit stands can greatly facilitate the work of gardeners and favorably affects the quality and quantity of the crop. Yield indicators may change from time to time, which depends on weather conditions and cultivation technology in the conditions of home gardening.
Basic agricultural practicesthat must be observed so that partially self-fertile apricot varieties develop and bear fruit as well as possible, the following:
- watering should be quite rare, but plentiful, which is especially important at the stage of flowering and fruit formation;
- fertilizing is done several times during the growing season, and the composition of fertilizers is selected based on the characteristics of the plant's age and soil characteristics;
- To attract bees to the crown of a flowering fruit tree, you can spray it with honey water.
In order to increase yield indicators, it is possible to plant pollinating varieties, but for the proper fertilization of apricot of this variety, own pollen of the tree is enough.
We also suggest that you familiarize yourself with the varietal characteristics of the Shalakh apricot.
The moderate growth force Apricot "Iceberg" has a rounded and fairly compact habit, and is also characterized by exacting quality soil composition and the space reserved for planting and cultivation.
Apricot spring pruning
According to experienced gardeners, it is preferable to grow this variety of stone fruit trees on drained, fertile soils. The best culture succeeds on medium loamy and sandy loamy soils. Adult fruit stands need annual anti-aging pruning. The advantages also include high resistance to fungal diseases and insect pests, which reduces the time and cost of prevention.