Hercules currant: description and recommendations for growing

Hercules currant: description and recommendations for growing

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Hercules currant is known for its high productivity, as well as unpretentiousness. Therefore, many gardeners give their preference to this fruit bush. Get to know better with this amazing and useful plant.

Giant originally from Siberia: description of Hercules currant

The Hercules variety is quite young; it was bred by L. Zabelina, a breeder, in the late 1990s. Specialists of the Siberian Horticultural Research Institute worked on obtaining a new blackcurrant variety.

Tests of a new type of fruit shrub began in 2000. They showed that breeders managed to grow a really new, very productive variety that can grow well in the climatic conditions of Siberia and warmer regions.

But the main thing is that as a result of the experiment, gardeners were able to collect large yields of beautiful berries.

This variety of currant belongs to late ripening. The bush has high straight branches, their density is called medium. This facilitates the ripening of berries, because they are open to sunlight. Yes, and harvesting from such branches is much easier and more convenient.

Hercules currant leaf is large, dense, with pronounced three lobes. Petioles are located at an acute angle to the shoot. The brushes are large, long, more than 800 berries can be removed from one bush. The fruits are classified as very large. (the weight of one berry can reach 3.5 grams). They are easily removed from the stem, the skin of the berry is thin and elastic. The berry has a pronounced dessert flavor.

The following substances are distinguished in the composition of berries:

  • ascorbic acid (177 mg per 100 g of weight);
  • sugar (in the amount of 8.7%);
  • soluble solids (18.4%).

Titratable acidity of berries - within 2.2%.

How to plant currants

Pros and Cons of Hercules Currant

Like any garden plant, this variety has not only obvious advantages, but also disadvantages. The latter include its weak resistance to the kidney tick - a dangerous pest of blackcurrant.

But Hercules is resistant to fungal diseases of fruit crops such as anthracnose and septoria.

Other advantages of the black currant of the Hercules variety gardeners include the following:

  • high winter hardiness of the kidneys;
  • resistance of flowers to spring frosts;
  • large and stable yield (more than 11 tons of berries per hectare);
  • self-fertility.

Also, gardeners - both amateurs and professionals - unanimously note the unpretentiousness of this type of shrub to the mechanical composition of the soil and its fertility.

However, even with this set of qualities, the plant needs to be planted correctly in order to get a big crop.

How to choose a place to land

Unpretentiousness does not mean at all that the plant will grow where it is stuck in the ground. The Hercules variety requires the same careful approach to itself as the most capricious rare kind of blackcurrant.

The best time to plant a bush is the first half of September. If the warm weather lasts long enough, planting can be carried out even in October. But with the advent of the first frosts, it is better to abandon the venture and dig in the bushes for the winter.

Blackcurrant loves the abundance of sun and moisture. Therefore, the place is chosen open, so that the wind freely walks, blowing leaves. Despite the fact that this type of currant is extremely unpretentious, it is better that there is no excess acid in the soil. Therefore, with an excess of acidic components in the earth, at least a single watering with lime milk is necessary.

Given that the bush of black currant Hercules grows quite high, seedlings need to be placed at a decent distance from each other. Otherwise, after some time, they will begin to create a shadow for themselves, which will lead to the appearance and spread of ticks. The distance recommended by experienced gardeners is 1 meter.

In the case of planting bushes in several rows, the gap should be doubled.

We plant Hercules as it should

Having chosen a place, it is necessary to prepare pits for seedlings. Some advise you to do this in advance, so that the earth in the recesses is slightly caked, shrinks. You can make trenches. The depth of the pits is within 30-40 cm.

At the bottom of the recess should be put natural fertilizers (rotted manure, compost). For acidic soils, a little chalk can be added. But the ash should not be used for planting: since it is washed out of the soil, the effect of it will be negligible.

Experienced gardeners recommend putting the bushes in a pit at an angle of 45 ° C to the horizon. This will enable the plant to quickly take new roots, which will accelerate its growth and development, and will affect crop yields in the most favorable way.

Before filling the seedling with earth, water is poured into the pit.

The soil is poured so that it mixes with the liquid and does not spill around.

In conclusion, some hosts cut branches to direct all the power of the developing plant to the roots. And at the same time and update the crown.

What is Hercules useful for?

Blackcurrant is not just an aromatic and tasty berry, it is also a whole set of vitamins and nutrients. It contains vitamins A, B, C, P, E and K, as well as pectins, carotene and tannins.

Our berry is also rich in mineral chemicals:

  • iron;
  • zinc;
  • manganese;
  • magnesium
  • potassium.

All this makes the Siberian variety of blackcurrant an inexhaustible storehouse of health. Indeed, thanks to the composition of the berry, useful substances and vitamins are easily absorbed by humans. Therefore, Hercules is so popular with gardeners who care about their health.

About this plant we can say that it is 100% healing. In addition to its fruits, traditional medicine uses leaves (they treat diseases of the upper respiratory tract, anemia with their decoctions) and branches (tonic and strengthening infusions are prepared from them).

How to protect currants from diseases and pests

Recent medical studies have shown that Hercules blackcurrant berries help older people cope with age-related problems of declining intelligence and weakening memory.