The best varieties of black, red and white currants for the suburbs

The best varieties of black, red and white currants for the suburbs

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Currants (from Latin Ribes) belong to the genus of plants from the family Grossulariaceae, or Gooseberries, and the order of dicotyledonous flowering plants. The most popular varieties include blackcurrant, or Ribes nigrum, and redcurrant, or Ribes rubrum. In recent years, white currants, or Ribesniveum, are increasingly found on garden plots in the Moscow Region.

Features and selection criteria for the variety for the Moscow region

Large, juicy and sweet currant berries are not only used directly in food, but are also excellent raw materials for making jam, stewed fruit, jelly, pastille, marmalade, syrups, and in addition, they are in demand in home winemaking. The climatic conditions of the Moscow Region are temperate continental and are characterized by a relatively mild winter period and warm, rather humid summers.

The territories of the northern and northwestern regions of the Moscow Region are represented by sod-podzolic, heavy or medium loamy cold soils, which often differ in excess moisture indicators. Such soils require a significant amount of organic matter and liming.

Soil in the eastern part of the Moscow region is mostly peaty, it is often represented by lowlands with a similar level of groundwater occurrence. Home gardens are characterized by insufficient fertility and need increased attention, liming and nutrition. Lands in the western regions of the region are sod-podzolic, light loamy, and medium loamy, with slightly acidic or neutral environment.

The southern regions of the Moscow Region, where it is much warmer, are characterized by the presence of sod-podzolic, medium loamy soils, which makes soil and climatic conditions the most preferable for horticulture, including for cultivating currants. When choosing a variety, you should take into account the characteristics of the soil and climate in each specific area of ​​the Moscow region, giving preference to varieties zoned for cultivation in the conditions of the Moscow region.

Blackcurrant: selection of large-fruited varieties

The best varieties of sweet red currant

As a rule, the best varieties of red-fruited currants are represented by several of the most popular varieties, which have become known due to their high productivity and excellent taste.

Grade nameDescription and characteristicGardeners reviews
"Dutch red"Bushes are tall, compact, dense, straight-growing, with a large number of shoots of substitution. The berries are medium, sour, very juicy and tasty.The oldest, very productive variety. It is characterized by excellent technological indicators and resistance to anthracnose.
"Natalie"Bushes are powerful, medium sprawling, thick. The berries are relatively large, with good taste. The variety is very resistant to many of the most common diseases.One of the best Russian varieties, is very appreciated by gardeners for their high winter hardiness and abundant productivity. The variety is mid-season, and ripe berries can remain on the bushes for a long time.
"Rondom"Bushes of sparse type, not higher than one and a half meters, with powerful branches and weak branching indicators. The foliage is dark green, with dense pubescence on the lower part. Brushes are long but compact, with evenly distributed large, sour berriesThe Dutch variety has sufficient winter hardiness and high productivity. Virtually unaffected by powdery mildew and anthracnose. According to gardeners, in case of insufficient watering, productivity is very affected
"Versailles red"Bushes of medium vigor. Berries are very attractive, with good taste.It is the brightest and large-fruited variety that has proven itself in the conditions of home gardening
Jonkervan TateThe bushes are medium-sized, straight, and later sprawling. The branches are flexible, and the foliage is medium, five-lobed type. Long brushes, up to 12 cm, compact. The berries are large, dark red, shiny. They have a very good taste, with a pleasant acidityAn early ripe large-fruited variety that optimally combines high productivity and excellent taste. One of the most popular varieties that forms berries with a thin skin. According to gardeners, it is not recommended to use abundant watering, which provoke cracking of the berry

The best varieties of black currant

On the territory of the Moscow region it is recommended to plant the varieties that are most adapted to the soil and climatic conditions, which have proven themselves well and have been highly appreciated by gardeners. It is desirable that the varieties have self-fertility.

Grade nameDescription and characteristicGardeners reviews
VeloyMid-term ripening. The bushes are medium, semi-spreading, medium density. The berries are large, flat-round. Productivity may exceed 3-4 kgExcellent taste, high winter hardiness and productivity, as well as large-fruited and early maturity make the variety popular with gardeners
"Memory of Lisavenko"Medium ripening. Bushes are medium-sized and upright. Berries of medium size, sweet and sour taste. Productivity up to 2 kg per bushBerries with a pleasant dessert flavor. The variety is frost-resistant and self-fertile, but needs high agricultural technology
SudarushkaMedium ripening. Bushes are low, medium density and medium sprawl. The berries are very large and uniform. Productivity up to 5 kgThe plant is not only fruitful, but also winter-hardy. It has self-fertility and sufficient resistance to many diseases
"Dobrynya"Medium ripening. The bushes are compact, medium growth. The berries are large, universal use. Maximum yield is 2.5 kgAccording to gardeners, the variety is large-fruited and very stable, perfect for an intensive type of gardening
"Vigorous"Medium ripening. The bushes have a restrained type of growth, quite rare and medium spread. Plum-shaped berries, very large. High yieldsThe variety is highly regarded for winter hardiness, self-fertility and early maturity.

The best varieties of large white currants

Despite the fact that whitecurrant in home gardening is less common than black-fruited and red-fruited varieties, this variety of berry culture receives positive reviews from summer residents.

Grade nameDescription and characteristicGardeners reviews
"Belyana"The bushes are medium, the berries are formed in different sizes, almost transparent, covered with thin skinThe variety always gets the highest tasting score. The plant is frost-resistant and adapted to the suburbs
"Boulogne is white"The berries are medium-sized, cream-colored, with a very pleasant taste. The average yield is 4-4.5 kg per bushA popular French variety among gardeners. The disadvantages include low winter hardiness
"Dessert"Variety from famous German breeders, early ripening, characterized by yellowish sweet and sour berriesAccording to gardeners, it is a very frost-resistant variety, which is extremely rarely affected by diseases. Harvest can be used universally
"Minusinskaya White"Berries of medium size, yellowish color, with a very thin skin and large seeds. Great tasteVery frost-resistant and drought-resistant variety, bred for cultivation in Eastern Siberia, but adapted for the suburbs
"Ural White"Large, yellow colored berries. The average yield is about 5.5-6 kg per bushThe variety is frost-resistant and not prone to disease damage. Needs abundant watering, without which the berries are chopped

Features of planting and care

Experienced gardeners recommend planting new varieties that have the highest resistance to diseases and numerous pests in the infield. Currants have a productive life of approximately ten years, and then the plant should be rejuvenated or replaced.

How to plant currants

Landing in the suburbs is recommended in the autumn. For landing, it is desirable to allocate sufficiently moist areas. You can improve productivity when planting several varieties on the site, which contributes to over-pollination and increases yield indicators.