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Large and juicy berries, one of the first to ripen on the sites of domestic gardeners, are very popular with summer residents. Sweet cherries are not only tasty, but also contain many vitamins and microelements in the pulp that are necessary for the human body after a cold winter. When planting, gardeners prefer early varieties, which include Bigarro, a time-tested cherry that has many advantages.
A cherry sapling of this variety was accidentally discovered back in 1915 in France. Gradually, thanks to the labors of breeders, the variety of culture received increased characteristics. frost resistance, disease immunity and improved palatability.
European gardeners were the first to notice the Bigarro variety and began to cultivate trees on their plots. Cherry seedlings came to our latitudes relatively recently and are still being tested in domestic nurseries. But those who have already planted plants in their gardens argue that trees have much more advantages than disadvantages, and they take root and bear fruit without problems in our climate.
Description and characteristics of culture
The French variety has the following characteristics:
- Wood. Adult height does not exceed 3.5 meters. Cherry has a spherical crown, it is quite dense. A distinctive feature of the trees of this variety is that their bark has a light brown tint. To obtain a rich harvest, other varieties must be planted nearby for cross-pollination.
- During the flowering period, cherry trees are covered with white flowers that have a saucer shape, their diameter does not exceed 3 cm.
- The fruits of the variety have an average weight of 6 grams, and their skin is dark, almost black.
- The taste of medium-dense, rich red pulp is harmonious, sweet and sour. The stone is well separated, and its weight does not exceed 6% of the total mass of the berry. The fruits are used both for fresh consumption and for harvesting for the winter.
- The frost resistance of the tree is average, the maximum temperature that the cherry can withstand is -20 degrees, so in the middle lane the plants need to be insulated. However, Bigarro is resistant to recurrent spring frosts.
- The ripening period for the berries is early, the first harvest begins at the beginning of June. The first fruiting begins 4-5 years after the planting of the seedling on the site. About 80 kg of berries are harvested from one cherry.
- Bigarro has an average immunity to crop diseases, therefore, preventive treatments of trees are necessary. If the summer is rainy, cracking of cherries is observed.
Positive and negative sides
Over the years of growing trees of this variety, gardeners have noticed the advantages and disadvantages of the variety.
early ripening of fruits;
resistance to transportation over long distances;
pleasant taste of berries;
rich harvests of fruits;
the possibility of using berries both fresh and for canning;
average degree of frost resistance.
cracking berries in a rainy summer;
the need for pollinators.
Landing features Bigarro Burlat
In order for a cherry seedling to quickly adapt to a new place, it is necessary to properly prepare the site and carry out planting work.
Dates and place of landing
For cultivation of this variety, acidic soils, as well as peat bogs and infertile soils, are not suitable. You can not plant cherries on heavy clay soil, as there it will grow and bear fruit poorly.
The site is selected so that it is illuminated by the sun for most of the day, otherwise the fruits will form small and taste sour. They also pay attention that groundwater does not come closer than 2 meters to the surface of the earth. It is better to choose a place for planting on a small hill, but protected from drafts.
If the gardener lives in the southern region, then planting work is best done in early autumn, for summer residents of the middle lane, spring is considered a favorable time, in this case the seedling will have time to fully take root before the cold weather arrives.
Preparation of seedlings
When purchasing planting material, pay attention to the graft on the seedling, it is located just above the root collar. Quality material has flexible branches and good root development. For several hours, the roots are soaked in a clay mash, adding a growth stimulator there for better rooting.
Pits are prepared 2-3 weeks before the start of planting work. The hole diameter is about 1 meter, the width has the same parameter. The selected soil is mixed with nutritious dressings and left.
Cherries are planted according to the following algorithm:
- A support for a tree is driven into the bottom of the hole.
- Pour in about half of the soil and put a seedling on it, straightening the roots along the edges.
- Fill in the remaining earth and slightly crush the soil so that there are no voids.
- A hole is made around the young tree, into which watering will be carried out, and they tie it to a support.
- Water the seedling abundantly.
Further care of the tree
The amount of the harvested crop and the health of the cherry itself depends on compliance with the rules of care.
Watering and fertilizing
Irrigation is abundant, especially trees need moisture at the stage of foliage blooming, during the formation of fruits and before preparing for winter. In the event that it is a dry summer, the soil around the seedlings is moistened once a week. It is not recommended to irrigate trees during the ripening period so that they do not crack from excess liquid.
Top dressing begins to be applied from the second year of cultivation. Urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate are used as fertilizers.
Pruning and wintering
In the spring, rejuvenating and sanitary pruning is carried out, removing weak, diseased and frozen twigs. It is important to have time to finish the procedure before the kidneys swell.
Diseases and pests of the variety
The main diseases that, in the absence of prophylaxis, affect cherries:
- clasterosporium disease;
- powdery mildew.
Insects that damage trees include: cherry fly and cherry moth, sawfly and weevil, aphids.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting begins in early June. Fresh berries are not stored for a long time, so they are frozen, canned and juice is made from them.