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Beetroot is widely used in the daily diet of the average Russian. This vegetable crop is propagated by seeds and seedlings; there are no special difficulties during cultivation. A good harvest of root crops can be grown in any climatic zone of the Russian Federation, with the exception of the regions of the Far North.
Can beets be planted in July?
If a summer resident has a question whether it is possible to plant table beet varieties in July, it means that in the spring he did not have time to plant this crop. If in the fall you want to have small roots with juicy tops, then you can sow the vegetable in early July.
In southern regions, where autumn is long and warm, you can plant beet seeds in open ground both in June and July. There will be enough heat, but you will need to spend time on regular watering, since in July in the south the weather is hot and the soil dries quickly.
Features of vegetable culture
Table varieties are very healthy. Dishes from this root vegetable have medicinal and dietary properties. The pharmacological properties of a vegetable are due to its chemical composition:
- sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose);
- mineral salts (magnesium, calcium, iron, iodine, manganese, phosphorus);
- amino acids.
Useful substances (carotene, ascorbic acid) are contained not only in the pulp of the root vegetable, but also in the tops. Table varieties are used in folk and traditional medicine as a means to improve metabolism, prevent atherosclerosis, treat colds, skin diseases and intestinal problems.
In the southern regions, you can plant a root crop in July in place of early potatoes planted in spring. Rich borscht cannot be cooked without juicy root crops, therefore it is in the southern regions that late sowing of table varieties of beetroot is practiced.
Autumn in the south is warm, therefore, with late sowing of the beet, it is possible to grow full-fledged root crops suitable for winter storage. At the same time, the land is intensively used, since in early spring other plants are grown on it.
What does late sowing of beets in summer give?
In summer, the beet is planted no later than mid-July. For late summer crops in June (July), early ripening table varieties are suitable:
- Red ball.
- Cold resistant 19.
- Egyptian flat.
These varieties are not stored for a long time, but they are ideal for autumn consumption. In addition to root crops, many vitamins and important trace elements are present in young tops. It can be used stewed and boiled. The health benefits of consuming it are enormous.
You can include the June (July) sowing of the beet in the gardener's calendar. Late sowing allows intensive use of small summer cottages. Medium to small root vegetables can be used to make borsch dressing and freeze.
What should you consider before boarding?
With late sowing of beets in July, you need to properly arrange the garden. When planting late, you need to take into account the high need of the culture for lighting and not make wide ridges. You can accelerate the ripening of root crops with a seedling planting method.
You also need to seriously approach the choice of beet varieties. It is better to choose early maturing varieties. For summer planting, a round table fruit is more suitable, cylindrical root crops do not tolerate autumn frosts well.
Landmarks for a successful late landing
A rare summer goes by without weather surprises, but experienced gardeners know the average temperature and amount of precipitation in their region. Based on the average statistical data, they calculate the ripening time of the beet.
The timing of the ripening of root crops depends not only on the weather. When growing beets, the quality of the land and the method of planting by seeds or seedlings play a role.
Although beets are considered a frost-tolerant crop, they need enough heat to ripen. Seedlings appear if the average daily temperature is at least 10 ° C. An adult plant, planted in spring, at the end of June can withstand short-term frosts that often occur in northern latitudes.
It is better to sow beets after the onset of stable heat, because the temperature favorable for its growth is from 20 to 25 ° C. With early planting, sudden cold snaps are possible, after which it is difficult to get a harvest of high-quality root crops. After a cold snap, the beetle produces flower stalks and becomes unsuitable for human consumption.
Buriak is considered a drought-resistant crop; it can do without watering for a long time. The health benefits of such a root crop are few, since when growing beets in adverse conditions, they do not accumulate the required amount of nutrients.
When sowing beets at the end of June, it is important to monitor soil moisture on a daily basis. The quality of root crops is affected by both the lack of moisture and its excess. It is best to grow beets in loose, moderately moist soil with ample warm days.
In the shade and partial shade, it will not work to grow a juicy, sweet root crop... Beets are a vegetable that requires lighting throughout the day. Direct sunlight promotes the active accumulation of nutrients in the root crop, biochemical processes slow down in the shade of the plant, this affects the yield of beets, their taste and size.
You can plant beets in early June, but choose a sunny spot in your garden. Make the bed not wide, on two lines, so that each plant receives enough sunlight. At the end of June, it is worth planting monthly seedlings of beets, sowing with seeds at this time hardly makes sense. The result of useless labor will be tops and small root crops, which make no sense to store.
Sowing beets in July, the nuances of growing
The beet sown in June requires thinning, since several seedlings grow from one seed. In July, they can be transplanted to other beds. The root vegetable is a good compactor for legumes and for onions. It can only be planted with vegetables with different growing seasons and nutrient requirements.
Beetroot goes well with vegetables:
- bush beans;
Beets in July can be planted with seeds as a re-crop. For planting, you need to dig up the garden bed, water it well and sow the seeds to a depth of 2 cm.After the emergence of seedlings, you need to monitor the soil moisture and, if necessary, shade the tender seedlings from the scorching sun.
Summer crop care
Late planting of beets is more difficult to care for than spring crops. And all because of the hot July weather. Summer residents, who rarely visit the country, are unlikely to be able to grow beets in July.
The first time, after the emergence of seedlings, you need to constantly monitor the moisture content of the soil, cover the seedlings from the scorching sun.
Summer care for beets after germination:
- loosening the soil after watering;
- weed removal;
- thinning of seedlings.
The summer feeding scheme is shown in the table.
|Period||Fertilizer||Quantity per 10 liters of water|
|during the period of active growth of tops||ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate, double superphosphate||25 g, 30 g, 30 g|
|during the formation of root crops||any potassium-phosphorus fertilizers||according to the instructions|
|foliar dressing during the active growing season||Solubor||50 g|
Cleaning and storage
When planting beets in June, beets are harvested in late autumn, but before the first frost. If the frost picks up the roots, they will be poorly stored. The collected vegetables need to be dried, cleaned from the ground, and the tops must be cut off.
Root crops with a diameter of about 10 cm are suitable for long-term storage, larger fruits are stored worse. Many summer residents prefer late sowing only because the roots grow medium in size, they are convenient to process, they are better stored in winter.
Store beets at 3 ° C. At higher temperatures, root crops harvested in mid-autumn begin to grow tops, which affects the quality of the beets and the shelf life.
Residents of the southern regions can sow a beet in the summer. Thanks to late plantings, you can grow all the necessary vegetables in a small garden.