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Description of the best varieties of Dutch cucumbers

Description of the best varieties of Dutch cucumbers


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At the beginning of the sowing season, gardeners face an acute question of which planting material to choose this year. More and more often, our summer residents choose Dutch varieties of cucumbers, which were bred by breeders for cultivation in different climatic conditions.

The choice of seeds on the market is varied - some are resistant to temperature extremes, others have high yields, and others receive positive reviews due to their unique taste.

How Dutch seeds differ from domestic ones

As a rule, the Dutch produce cucumber hybrids marked f1 - they cross two varieties into one to obtain quality seeds that are resistant to diseases and have excellent taste. But, unfortunately, the hybrid is not capable of producing a crop for the next year, so the seeds will have to be bought again.

Most of the planting material is self-pollinated, which makes it possible to grow Dutch-bred cucumbers not only in the open field, but also in greenhouses. There are also pollinated varieties - they have a richer cucumber taste, smell, more crisp when pickled.

The choice of seeds does not depend on the advice of a neighbor, but on the conditions for growing vegetables in the garden. To do this, you need to take into account the following parameters.

Where the seeds will be planted - in a greenhouse or an open bed.

  • Groundwater level.
  • The quality of the soil in the garden.
  • Weather conditions in the region.
  • Desired taste preferences.
  • Winter storage method.

Considering these factors, choose Dutch cucumber seeds that are suitable for every gardener.

Choosing the right Dutch cucumber variety

Let us analyze the most popular seeds among the Russian population, planted in the weather conditions of Russia.

Self-pollinating varieties

Such seeds are great for sowing in greenhouses, flowers do not require pollination by bees, so they will give an excellent harvest in a greenhouse and in a garden bed. At the same time, the soil is fertilized before planting with mineral and organic fertilizing.

  • Angelina f1 is an early maturing Dutch hybrid used for planting in greenhouses and open beds. From seed germination to obtaining the first cucumber lasts 45 days. The fruit is lumpy, light green in color, the weight of a mature vegetable is 90 grams. Cucumbers are used for all types of pickles.

  • Hector f1 is an ultra-early ripening hybrid, when seeds are planted in a heated greenhouse in March, the first harvest is already ripening in May. The ripening period for vegetables is only 32 days. The plant is adapted to low temperatures, resistant to short-term temperature fluctuations up to +10 degrees. Weighing 100 grams, the length of the fruit reaches 12 centimeters. It has positive taste characteristics, there is no bitterness.

  • Prestige f1 is a highly productive cucumber, up to 20 kilograms are removed from 1 square meter. From germination of seeds to harvest, 45 days pass, vegetables are harvested until October. The weakly spiked fruit reaches 90 grams in size with a length of 12 centimeters. Vegetables are suitable for all types of preservation.

  • Herman f1 - 38 days pass from germination to harvest, therefore, early ripening, at maturity reaches 12 centimeters with a weight of 100 grams, is resistant to diseases popular in our region. Excellent taste, no bitterness.

Self-pollinated hybrids rarely produce seeds for seedlings the following year. The flower contains female pistils and male stamens, which are self-pollinated without the help of bees. They are excellently grown indoors, where the bee cannot fly. But it grows well in the open field too.

Cucumber varieties pollinated by bees

Among the Dutch varieties of cucumbers, there are also pollinated by bees, as well as other insects; when planting on a site, it is necessary to provide insects access to flowers. Open field cucumbers are discussed below. When the greenhouse is closed, such cucumbers will not give the expected yield.

  • Ajax f1 is an early pollinated hybrid. From the moment of the ovary to the ripening of the fruit, it takes about 50 days. The cucumber is green in color with a lot of thorns. Small vegetables grow up to a maximum of 12 centimeters and weigh up to 108 grams. Suitable for fresh food and for preservation.

  • Pioneer f1 is a medium-ripening dark-green vegetable with many thorns. The fruit is small in size, grows up to 10 centimeters and weighs up to 98 grams. Cucumber with a pleasant sweetish taste with no bitterness. The plant is adapted for growing in the northern strip, immune to diseases. Universal purpose.

  • Sonata f1 is an early maturing pollinated hybrid resistant to powdery mildew and other diseases. Fruits are medium in size, one fruit reaches a length of 10 centimeters, weighs up to 110 grams. The cucumber has a dark green surface with tubercles, cylindrical in shape. Increased yield from one meter is removed up to 11 kilograms of vegetables.

  • Athena f1 is an early hybrid pollinated by bees with excellent cucumber taste and aroma. Used for preparing fresh salads, preserves and pickles. Small vegetables weigh up to 110 grams. Seeds are afraid of temperature changes, so they should be planted in the beds when warm weather sets in. Average yield, up to 10 kilograms of harvest per square meter.

  • Cucumber Madita f1 is an early ripening hybrid vegetable that is resistant to popular diseases. It has high taste and marketability. Length 10-12 centimeters, weight 90-110 grams. It has a very lumpy surface and a green color. There is no bitterness.

All these varieties of cucumbers for open ground are also used for planting in greenhouses, it is necessary to provide bees with access to the premises for pollination. Otherwise, the cucumbers will not tie.

Parthenocarpic - not requiring pollination of cucumber varieties

This type of cucumber does not require pollination, all flowers on a female plant. These plants are planted both in a greenhouse and on an open ridge. Most Dutch cucumbers are parthenocarpic.

  • Cucumber Monolith - produced Dutch cucumbers for planting in open areas, used for consumption raw - salad. The mass of the greenery reaches 104 grams. Color from green to dark green with small tubercles.

  • Karina is an early ripe dark green green tea with excellent taste characteristics, does not taste bitter, fruiting is highly productive, the size of a cucumber reaches 10 centimeters and weighs up to 105 grams. Resistant to major types of diseases.

  • Magdalena f1 is an excellent early maturing vegetable, suitable for production in greenhouses and open beds. Grown for picking pickles and gherkins. Pikuli weigh about 10 grams and are 3 centimeters long. Gherkins 5-8 centimeters. The growing season is 36 days. The color is dark green with bright stripes along the fruit.

  • Baby mini cucumber is a medium early parthenocarpic Dutch cucumber. The growing season lasts 51 days. They are 8-10 centimeters long and weigh up to 160 grams, as a rule, they do not outgrow. They have a sweet juicy taste and cucumber aroma, thanks to these qualities they are excellent for making salads. The variety is resistant to diseases.

  • Cucumber Platinum f1 is a large, dark green gherkin of early ripeness. Due to its characteristics, it has a high yield. Bred for growing in plots. The growing season for Dutch cucumbers ranges from 45 to 48 days. Used for salting and making canned food.

  • Pro f1 is an early ripening variety, due to its resistance to stress and a powerful root system, it bears fruit even at temperature extremes. Resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew and downy mildew. When pickled, it retains its taste, remains firm and crunchy.

  • Crispina f1 is an ultra-early maturing cucumber that does not require pollination. Bred for planting in greenhouses and open areas. It grows in length up to 10-12 centimeters and weighs about 80-110 grams. The shape is oval, light green with yellow longitudinal stripes. Weakly lumpy, has an increased taste. Grown for fresh use and processing.

  • Levin f1 - early ripening, fruits ripen within 35-45 days. For pickling, gherkins are used. In length, a cucumber grows up to 10 centimeters and weighs up to 70 grams. Color from bright green to dark green, strongly bumpy. Resistant to temperature extremes and popular diseases.

Pasamonte f1, Santana f1, Bettina f1, Mirabella f1, Dolomite f1 - all these are also Dutch parthenocarpic cucumber varieties, the description of which is similar to the Monolith f1 cucumber variety.

As you can see, the cucumbers of the Dutch selection are of excellent quality, small, neat cucumbers of a beautiful color and a convenient size grow from them.

They are used for preparing dishes from raw vegetables and rolling them into jars, preparing canned salads and pickling. They are perfectly stored and have a sweet, bitterless taste and a rich cucumber aroma. Therefore, our gardeners often use Dutch seeds for the production of cucumbers in our climatic latitudes.


Watch the video: What They Arent Telling You About Beit Alpha Cucumber Is Shocking (July 2022).


Comments:

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