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Strawberries are considered one of the most commonly grown berries in summer cottages and backyards. Crop care is associated with difficulties in organizing space due to the long shoots of strawberries. Recently, summer residents have preferred varieties of mustardless strawberries. They have high yields. In addition, when growing mustacheless varieties, there is no need for regular monitoring of the condition of the shoots.
Features of barley strawberries
Strawberries of this type have been grown in home gardens for several years. A special feature when growing is considered to be space saving. It is advised to place bushes near other fruit and berry crops, in areas that are limited by any buildings or beds.
Sorts of beardless strawberries are used for decorative landscaping of terraces or gazebos in summer cottages. Among the many varieties of varieties, there are large-fruited and small-fruited, they are chosen in accordance with individual preferences.
Pros and cons of berries
Mustacheless strawberries have advantages and disadvantages. It is called remontant strawberry, this designation of the culture's ability to bear fruit more than once a year. Repaired strawberries lay fruit buds during daylight hours of any length. The only condition is to provide a light period for the bookmark of at least 6 hours.
The main advantages of beardless strawberries:
- high yield rate;
- minimum requirements for conditions for growth and fruiting;
- taste of berries;
- a wide range of varieties;
- limited planting space.
Among the disadvantages is the need for frequent planting, as well as the difficulties in breeding in order to preserve a certain variety.
Advice! When growing beardless strawberries in the southern territories, one should take into account its intolerance to high air temperatures.
Selection of the best varieties of remontant beanless strawberries
Among the variety of strawberry varieties, gardeners choose between large-fruited and small-fruited types. Each of them has different characteristics and unique features.
The berry owes its name to its appearance. Due to the medium-sized inflorescences, as well as the presence of small small leaves, it has a lush flirtatious appearance. It is customary to grow the coquette in high beds, which contributes to the collection of an uncontaminated crop.
Characteristics of the fetus:
- large, conical;
- the taste is sweet and sour;
- weight reaches 55 grams.
Suitable for fresh consumption, for making preserves, jams, compotes, freezing well. The advantage of the variety is the stability of the crop. The disadvantage of the variety is the inability to resist infection with a strawberry mite. Coquette is called one of the best varieties of mustache-free remontant strawberries.
Large-fruited variety. From one bush, on average, about 300 berries are harvested seasonally. Alexandrina is a frost-resistant crop that is not afraid of pests and is not susceptible to infection. It is grown in Central Russia, appreciated for its unpretentiousness and high yield.
The most famous among the varieties of mustardless remontant strawberries. It is often called royal or imperial.
- large, weighing up to 100 grams;
- shape - correct, oval;
- the pulp is juicy, deep red.
One bush can bring about 1.5 kilograms per season. The bushes begin to bear fruit in late spring, 2 weeks after planting.
The variety is appreciated for its ability to withstand temperature extremes. The fruits remain intact during transportation. The only special condition for the care of Queen Elizabeth is considered to be the maintenance of an increased level of soil moisture.
The fruits reach 20-30 grams. The harvest begins in June. If all maintenance requirements are met, the bushes bear fruit before October.
Albion is resistant to various diseases, able to withstand low temperatures. The variety is characterized by the formation of large dark green leaves and straight peduncles, so growing in high beds allows you to collect clean, uncontaminated berries. They retain their qualities during long-term storage and transportation. The variety is often used for freezing, making complex desserts and eating fresh.
The species was bred by British breeders and is valued for its unique taste. The berries of this variety are sweet, juicy, suitable for making classic strawberry jams, preserves, marmalade, jellies.
- small size of the bush;
- resistance to temperature shocks;
- not susceptible to mold formation;
- is able to bear fruit stably for 5 years.
This type of strawberry can often be found in summer cottages and backyards throughout the country. The variety was bred by Dutch breeders. The break between fruiting is only 2.5 weeks. The berry is characterized by the presence of large bushes, the arrangement of flower buds at the level of the leaves. The variety became widespread due to its ability to tolerate dry periods.
Fruits can grow up to 50-100 grams, juicy, watery in structure. They are not recommended for freezing, they are more suitable for making jams, jams, drinks.
The remontant strawberry was bred in the Czech Republic, the variety has the following characteristics:
- in the presence of drained soil, it can tolerate multiple precipitation;
- resistant to infection with gray mold;
- grows and bears fruit in the shade;
- does not require abundant regular watering;
- has high yield rates and good taste.
Ruyana is grown in Siberia and the Urals. The berry is suitable for fresh consumption, making jam, compotes.
This type of culture is especially popular in the Urals. It cannot be confused with another. It owes its name to the yellow color of the fruit. The berries are cone-shaped, dense in structure, sweet in taste.
- withstands temperature extremes;
- not afraid of drought;
- not susceptible to the formation of root rot.
The berry grows in the shade, bears fruit stably for 3-4 years. Suitable for making compotes, preserves.
A repaired mustacheless strawberry that has the ability to bear fruit continuously. This species has high and stable yields. The weight of the berry can reach 100 grams, the structure of the fruit allows for long-term storage and transportation. Suitable for freezing, canning, fresh consumption.
Gardeners recommend growing strawberries in hanging beds due to their ability to form long peduncles. This content provides ease of harvesting, does not require additional space on the ground.
Growing and care
To grow remontant strawberries and get a harvest, you must follow the basic rules of maintenance:
- Strawberry bushes are arranged in rows, at a distance of 30-40 centimeters.
- For row widths, a distance of 1.2 meters is sufficient.
- Maintaining an average soil moisture level is considered an important condition for cultivation.
- During the period of growth and budding, the soil is fertilized with ash or fed with nitrogen-containing complexes.
- Watering should be constant and moderate.
- To obtain an additional volume of oxygen by the root system, it is recommended to loosen the soil after each watering.
- Leaves on which redness appears are regularly removed along with the cuttings.
How to propagate strawberries without a mustache
The peculiarity of the maintenance of remontant strawberries lies in the fact that most varieties have not been grown for more than 5 years in a row. After this time, they stop blooming. Large-fruited varieties have a tendency to crush, small-fruited ones become unable to form a mature fruit.
The usual way of breeding with a mustache is impossible for mustacheless varieties. To continue growing the variety, the plants are propagated in one of the following ways:
- dividing the bush.
The seeds can be purchased in specialized stores or removed from ripe fruits yourself. To obtain seeds, the top layer of the berry peel is cut off with a sharp knife. It is dried in the sun, then rubbed with your fingers. At the same time, the dried pulp is ground into a powder, and the seeds remain intact.
The seeds are mixed with moistened sand and placed on a saucer, removed in the cold for 30-35 days. Such seeds are planted in late winter or early spring for seedlings. To do this, they are laid out on the surface of the soil, covered with a damp cloth, making sure that it does not dry out. After the emergence of shoots, the sprouts are removed in a warm, lighted place, poured with settled water from pipettes. When the second leaf appears, the strawberries are seated in separate containers. Peat pots or plastic cups are suitable for this.
Advice! Seedlings are transplanted into open ground in May, after the appearance of 5 leaves on the seedlings.
Reproduction by dividing the bush implies the planting of a mother plant. The procedure is carried out in early spring or autumn. An adult culture is dug out of the hole, divided into several parts. Each part is seated separately, straightening the roots and trying not to damage. Plots need abundant watering and regular loosening of the soil around them. Gardeners recommend separating mother plants by mid-September so that the planted bushes will adapt to the new conditions before frost.