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Many gardeners are familiar with Bianca grapes. This variety is indispensable for home wine lovers. Grapes pleases with a consistently high yield. Bianchi's unpretentiousness makes it possible to reduce the labor costs of gardeners to a minimum.
Description of the variety
Bianca takes pride of place in the dacha plots. Just a few shrubs will provide the gardener with the material for making high quality homemade wine. The description of the variety attracts:
- medium-sized bush;
- the vine is strong, developed;
- the fruiting factor is more than 90%;
- active growth of shoots (regular stripping is required);
- excellent rooting of cuttings (85%);
- leaves are dark green, five-lobed;
- the bark is light brown.
With proper care, Bianca grapes produce healthy berries for making wine, vodka, and liqueurs. The drinks produced have a vanilla-almond aftertaste.
Characteristics of the Bianca variety
The variety differs from other grapes for technical purposes. It gives a stable harvest with minimal labor costs.
Bianca allows you to get a yield of 200 kg per hectare. Planting 2-3 bushes in a small summer cottage will provide the gardener with the required amount of material for making homemade wine. The opportunity to grow environmentally friendly grapes is especially appreciated. This is achieved due to the disease resistance of the variety.
During the ripening of the crop, Bianca is strewn with tassels. Their characteristics:
- conical shape;
- length 20-25 cm;
- average density;
- bunch weight 120 g (maximum - 170 g).
To set the sugar content, you need to monitor the uniform illumination of the brushes. It is recommended to regularly prune the shoots (carry out stripping).
The grape has small berries:
- the mass of one is 1.5-2 g;
- the color is yellow-green (changes to yellow as it ripens);
- the skin is thin;
- 3 bones inside;
- sweet and sour taste (28% sugars);
- the pulp is watery;
- alcohol content reaches 14%;
- high acid content (7%).
To reduce acidity, gardeners can withstand clusters on the vine for up to 3 weeks. During this period, the acidity index decreases to 3%. The berry taste becomes honey-floral.
The vine has a high frost resistance. The kidneys retain the ability to form ovaries when the temperature drops to -27 degrees. Lower temperatures cause the vines to die. But she is recovering quickly.
The gardener will receive a harvest in this case: fruiting is carried out on the shoots of the past and current years.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The Bianca variety has advantages over other varieties for technical purposes:
- stable yield;
- frost resistance;
- high sugar content;
- high alcohol content;
- early ripening (120 days from the awakening of the vine to harvest);
- resistance to major diseases.
But the disadvantages are upsetting:
- brushes are damaged by wasps (insects can destroy the entire crop);
- low transportability;
- low keeping quality.
The grown crop requires immediate processing. With high yields, this is a serious problem for the gardener.
Features of growing and care
Even an unpretentious variety requires compliance with the rules of cultivation and care. It is recommended to follow the advice of agricultural technicians.
Preparing the landing site
Bianca prefers to grow in sunny places protected from cold northerly winds. Before boarding, it is recommended:
- check the acidity of the soil (a neutral, slightly alkaline or slightly acidic reaction is required);
- clean the prepared area of weeds;
- achieve the required soil structure: it must be loose, moisture and air permeable;
- assess the groundwater level (water should be no higher than 3-4 m).
It is required to prepare a landing pit in advance. Its size: 70 cm x 70 cm x 70 cm. The soil is removed and neatly folded next to the pit. Drainage is poured down. The thickness of the backfill is 7-10 cm. Broken brick, expanded clay, pieces of paving slabs are suitable. Then the soil is mixed with mature organic matter and mineral complex and returned to the place. It is recommended to cook the pit in the spring with the planned autumn planting and in the fall - with the spring.
Planting Bianca is recommended in early spring or mid-autumn. For spring planting, the soil temperature should be 7-10 degrees Celsius. In autumn, it should be planted 2-3 weeks before the onset of a stable cold snap. During this time, the bush will have time to take root well. Planting a plant is required in a planting hole. It should be large enough to accommodate the root system. The planting should be mulched.It is not recommended to cover the grafting site with soil: this will avoid the formation of root shoots.
The grapes need formative and preventive pruning. Forming is carried out in the fall. Preventive - during the formation and maturation of bunches. It is recommended to lighten ripening brushes to increase the sugar content.
Bianca overloads the bush with berries. In regions with a short warm period, extra bunches should be removed to ripen the brushes.
Top dressing and fertilizers
The variety is responsive to the application of mineral and organic fertilizers. Mineral complexes are added to the soil in spring and autumn according to the instructions. Mature organic matter (humus, compost) - only in spring. Application rate - a bucket for 1 plant.
Diseases and pests
The Bianca grape demonstrates excellent resistance to the main fungal diseases: mildew, powdery mildew. The variety is not affected by phylloxera. But wasps and birds willingly feast on delicate berries.
To protect against pests, it is recommended to use protective nets, to put baits (for wasps). A good result is the use of individual covers (for small planting areas).