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Description and characteristics of the karala pig breed, rearing and breeding

Description and characteristics of the karala pig breed, rearing and breeding


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When starting to breed pigs, you need to decide on the breed. It is recommended to choose a variety that easily adapts to cold and hot climates. The karmala pig breed is considered the most unpretentious in terms of keeping conditions. They have good health, tolerate cold and heat well, and gain weight quickly. Pig karmales are valued by farmers for the excellent taste of meat and lard products, ease of care and breeding.

The origin of the breed, varieties of karals

Karmals appeared as a result of selection work, the female mangalitsa and wild boar acted as parental forms. The resulting offspring were bred with a Korean pig, as a result, karmales were bred. They adopted features from their ancestors - their high resistance to diseases and good adaptability to any weather conditions speaks of the similarity with the wild boar. Hungarian braziers gave them a peculiar appearance, thanks to Korean pigs, karals are distinguished by an incredible calm temperament.

Karmal varieties are divided into two categories:

  • ordinary;
  • royal.

The breeders used a brazier and a Korean pot-bellied pig to obtain ordinary karmales. To breed royal karals, a hybrid was used, the parents of which were Mangalitsa and a Korean boar. Such offspring are intensively fattened, characterized by high meat-greasy characteristics.

Characteristics and description of the breed

The body of the karals is covered with thick, curly hair - it is their calling card. Abundant hair helps the animals withstand cold and heat, they even live in unheated pigsties. In terms of dimensions, the pockets are larger than their ancestors, they are quickly fattened. Pigs are raised for meat as they have a small greasy layer. The meat is suitable for bacon production due to its small fat layer. Despite the fact that piglets are actively recovering, they are not prone to obesity, even when fed abundantly. The active phase of growth is considered a period of 4-5 months, by the year they already weigh 200 kg.

The Karmala pig breed is recognized by its exotic appearance and the following exterior characteristics:

  • animals have a medium-sized head, proportional to the body;
  • the snout is elongated, the ears are small;
  • pigs have a short, powerful neck;
  • adults are distinguished by short, strong and muscular legs;
  • skin without spots, has a white, even shade;
  • pigs are characterized by wide, massive hips.

The born offspring of karals can be easily distinguished from another breed by color. One sow gives birth to children of different colors, they have black, brown, gray colors. Often there are striped or two-colored babies. With the piglets growing up, the coat color becomes monotonous, the stripes disappear. The wool of an adult karmal is colored black, gray or brown.

Advantages and disadvantages

Breeding karals has the following advantages:

  • Animals have a calm temperament, they are not aggressive, they will not break a fence or dig a tunnel.
  • The offspring becomes sexually mature after 7.5 months, they are already ready for mating, unlike other breeds, which at this time are only entering reproductive age.
  • Piglets have a strong, resilient digestive system to help them process any food. A strong body and an active metabolism contribute to rapid weight gain.
  • The advantage of animals is also called their thick hair - thanks to it, pigs live in non-insulated rooms, walk outside in hot or cold weather.
  • Piglets are distinguished by beautiful colors - their wool can be variegated, gray-gray, black, brown, mixed colors. Their backs are covered with stripes that disappear as they grow older.
  • The breed is distinguished by a minimum fat layer, while they have a maximum meat layer. The meat will not be covered with a layer of fat, even with abundant feeding.

There are practically no negative sides in the cultivation of karals. The only nuance is noted for their semi-savagery - even with a long stay in the pigsty, they can be afraid of the owner and other people. But this is not considered a significant drawback.

The Karmala pig breed is a favorite among the varieties raised for meat production because of its calm temperament, high adaptation to any living conditions.

How to choose piglets when buying

Buying pigs should be approached responsibly. Despite good health, high adaptation of pigs to all living conditions, there is a possibility of acquiring an unhealthy animal. To acquire healthy piglets, it is recommended to observe the following rules:

  • When choosing animals, you should carefully examine the tail - in a healthy pig, it is covered with wool, does not adhere to the body.
  • So that cunning sellers do not fool the buyer and sell him another breed instead of a karmal, professionals recommend that you familiarize yourself with the photographs and biological characteristics of animals in advance.
  • When choosing piglets, attention is paid to their breathing. Pigs with wheezing do not get - they have a disease of the respiratory system, in which they will not live for a long time.
  • Newborn piglets are covered with thick hair, so if a bald or semi-bald pig is on sale, you should refuse to buy it.

Karmalov is considered one of the most popular meat breeds with a minimum body fat. To minimize fatty fibers in meat, it is recommended to acquire the noisiest, mobile piglets with powerful hooves and high legs. The activity of the animal will make its carcass more meaty.

Specificity of care

Karmals do not need special care, their content does not differ in any way from the breeding of other varieties. For the pigs to be comfortable, it is necessary to fence off their area of ​​residence or build a pigsty.

It is preferable to make an aviary in a place where edible grass grows. For the sow and piglets, it is necessary to equip a special place, sheltered from wind and draft.

The walking area is fenced off with a net without fear that the pigs will begin to break the fence and undermine the fence. Pigs are characterized by a phlegmatic temperament, they are calm and non-aggressive. It is recommended to make the fence higher, since pigs often come to the fence and push the enclosure with their front paws, which can break the fence.

Food

Growing karmales is not particularly difficult, since the animals consume all the food that is given to them.

They eat:

  • hay;
  • grass;
  • silo;
  • grain;
  • cereals;
  • potatoes;
  • beets.

Such products accelerate the process of weight gain - by 7 months the pocket weighs from 85 to 125 kg. Karmals do not need to additionally steam the mash, they eat raw and chopped food. The advantage of the breed is that they are able to rapidly recover from food waste. This reduces the amount of feed they eat, unlike other breeds.

Despite the unpretentiousness of animals to food, it should be borne in mind that feeding karals with certain products changes the taste characteristics of meat:

  • from dairy products, meat is tender and aromatic;
  • when eating fish, the meat of karals is saturated with a peculiar fishy smell;
  • a large number of consumed cereals and vegetables makes the meat insipid;
  • due to feeds such as cake, soybeans, fishmeal, the characteristics of meat are reduced.

If the pig eats compound feed, its content should be no more than 65-70% of the total diet. The rest is allocated to cereals, vegetables, grass, dairy products, and bran.

Breeding features

The puberty of karals comes early - at 4 months they already enter the reproductive phase, at 7-8 months they mate and acquire piglets. Animals are distinguished by a high rate of productivity: the number of offspring per birth is from 10 to 20 piglets.

The sow gives birth on her own, she does not need human help. Sufficient milk is produced for feeding small pigs; babies quickly recover from abundant feeding. Caring for newborn gilts is not required, since karmala sows have a developed maternal instinct, they surround the piglets with care.

The only maintenance requirement is the construction of a small barn and a walking area. When the pigs are 1-1.5 months old, they are weaned from the mother's breast and transferred to herbal feed and soft cereals.

Diseases and their treatment

The pigs have a strong immune system inherited from their ancestors. Piglets do not need vaccinations, their immune system resists various infections. Veterinarians recommend regularly treating animals from helminths. The pigs are bathed in a specially equipped bathing trough, where water with machine oil is poured - this method protects babies from various pathologies.

Taste features of lard and meat

With proper feeding of animals, the meat turns out to be tender, juicy, aromatic. When growing karmales, priority is given to obtaining meat, the percentage of lard is no more than 10-15%. To preserve the juiciness and softness of the meat, pigs are slaughtered at the age of 1-1.5 years, when they weigh 200-225 kg.


Watch the video: Backyard Hog Breeding: Using the right breeds for breeding, fattening. Agribusiness B-MEG Episode 7 (November 2022).