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Quails are not very large, but they are also raised for meat and eggs. These birds belong to different breeds. Consider the description and characteristics of the Chinese painted quail, the pros and cons of the breed, the rules for keeping and feeding birds, caring for them. Features of the breeding of Chinese quails and protection from diseases at home.
Features, description and characteristics of the painted Chinese breed
Chinese quail belongs to the pheasant family. Birds are small in size, the weight of an adult is 45-70 g. Females are smaller than males and differ from them not only in size and weight. You can identify a bird by sex by its plumage. Females (like many wild birds) are gray-brown, inconspicuous. Males are dark brown, they have blue-gray breasts, dark red feathers on their belly, black and white on their necks. The wings may have a light pattern composed of brown feathers. The beak of both sexes is black, the legs are orange or yellow.
The body length of the Chinese quail is up to 14 cm in the male and up to 12.5 cm in the female. Eggs weighing 10 g can be obtained from them. Female egg-laying begins at the age of 6 months, 150-200 eggs are demolished per season. Quail eggs are considered a dietary food, they contain a lot of vitamins, for example, to get the daily intake of vitamin D, you will need to eat 2 pieces a day.
Positive and negative sides
Advantages of Chinese quails:
- unpretentiousness, you can keep them in cages or small aviaries;
- are fed on standard feed;
- chicks hatch well in an incubator.
- small size and weight,
- heat-loving birds, should be kept in a heated room in winter;
- under poor conditions, they pluck feathers from each other.
Despite the shortcomings of the breed, it is eagerly grown by farmers and poultry farmers for their own consumption of meat and eggs.
Maintenance, care and feeding
Quails do not take up much space; they can be kept in any utility room and even in an apartment. They can live in a mesh cage, but it should not be too tight, for 1 bird you need to allocate 10 cm of area. Cages can be stacked in tiers on top of each other. In an apartment, Chinese quails can be placed on a closed balcony or loggia so that there is no unpleasant smell in the room.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The room should always be warm, even in winter it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature not lower than +10 ° C and not higher than +25 ° C. In the cold, Chinese quails will not be carried.
If the room is small, it can be heated with portable oil radiators. There should be no drafts in the room. Proper lighting is another prerequisite for keeping quails. The length of daylight hours should be 18 hours, it is maintained with artificial lighting. Then they turn off the light for 2 hours, then turn it on again for 2 hours and turn it off again for 2 hours. To create such a scheme, it is convenient to use a system that will automatically turn on and off the light.
Caring for Chinese quails consists of cleaning the cage, feeding and watering the birds. The floor in the cage is made of fine mesh, a pallet is placed below, into which the droppings fall. To avoid odor, the room is ventilated every day. The feeders are hung from the outside of the cage wall, the birds push their heads through the net and eat the feed. Drinking bowls are installed ordinary or nipple. The laid eggs are rolled down the sloped floor into a special receptacle, from where they are conveniently selected.
Small Chinese quails are fed 5 times a day, after they reach 1 month, 3 times. The first food for them is a soft, easily digestible mixture of a boiled egg, cut into pieces of greens, the finest grain. A drinker can be arranged from an inverted 0.5 liter jar placed on a saucer.
Adult quails of the Chinese breed are fed with mash of millet, grain cut, grass, grated root crops. You can give them some chopped fruits and berries. In winter, the diet can be enriched with dried herbs, grated carrots. Drinking water should be warm and always clean.
Like other birds, Chinese quail need coarse sand for digestion. It is washed, dried, poured into a small container and placed in a cage.
Quails of the Chinese breed can be fed with compound feed throughout their life. They grow well on it and rush. It is convenient to feed with compound feed, it lasts a long time, does not deteriorate in a dry and dark place.
Breeding and protection from disease
The ratio of breeding males and females among Chinese quails should be as follows: 3 quails for 1 quail. Different families need to be placed separately; when living together, the males will fight with each other. Only females can be kept together to obtain eggs and males when fattening for meat. It is better to hatch quails in an incubator, and not under a hen. A regular home incubator will do just fine with this task. You need to lay an incubation egg from a thoroughbred bird in it in order to get purebred quails.
Quail are sick with infectious diseases and eating disorders. To prevent infections, the birds are given antibiotics to drink. To avoid disorders, it is necessary to monitor the diet and feeding regimen. In the event that diseases or food disorders are found, sick quails are seated separately and treated. Healthy livestock are drunk for preventive purposes, drugs are taken in smaller doses than usual.
Chinese quails are raised by poultry farmers for meat and eggs. But because of their beautiful plumage, they can be bred and kept as an ornamental bird. Keeping, feeding and breeding quail of the Chinese breed is no different from the cultivation of these birds of other species, so they should not cause difficulties for an experienced owner.