We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
It is advisable to prevent diseases of domestic pheasants with the help of preventive measures or to treat them at the initial stages. These captive birds have good immunity. Pheasants rarely get sick. Problems arise if birds are fed poor quality feed or kept in poor conditions. Pheasant diseases are infectious (contagious) and non-infectious.
Pheasant infectious diseases and methods of their treatment
Infections (bacteria and viruses) can reduce the number of pheasants in a short period of time. Birds can become infected from sick relatives, rodents, insects or through food, water, soil, droppings, bedding, inventory. As a prophylaxis against infectious diseases, pheasants are vaccinated or soldered with feed antibiotics immediately after birth.
Major diseases and their treatment:
- Smallpox. The mortality rate is 70 percent.
- Symptoms: conjunctivitis, pockmarks on the head and legs, refusal to eat, depression. As a preventive measure, in disadvantaged regions, immunization of livestock against smallpox is carried out.
- Treatment: the birds are given vitamin pharmaceutical preparations, the pockmarks are smeared with disinfectants. Sick individuals are recommended by sanitary services to be disposed of.
- Pseudo-plague (Newcastle disease). A viral disease leading to the death of birds.
- Symptoms: depression, nasal discharge, cough, diarrhea, nervous cramps, paralysis of the limbs.
- Therapy: vaccination of healthy pheasants, diseased individuals are sent for disposal.
- Marek's disease. The causative agent of the disease is a virus from the genus herpesviruses.
- Signs: weakness, depression, refusal to eat, paralysis of the legs and wings, changes in the color of the iris, blindness develops.
- Treatment: patients are sent for disposal. As a prophylaxis, it is recommended to immunize day-old chicks with a virus vaccine.
- Pasteurellosis. The disease is called “avian cholera”.
- Signs: rhinitis, conjunctivitis, choking, refusal to eat, bowel upset.
- Treatment: antibiotics are prescribed ("Levomycetin"). Vaccination is recommended as a preventive measure.
- Salmonellosis. A dangerous bacterial disease leading to the death of birds.
- Symptoms: indigestion, abdominal enlargement, diarrhea, refusal to eat, lethargy.
- Treatment: antibiotics ("Levomycetin", "Furazolidone"), probiotics are prescribed. Vaccination is recommended as a preventive measure.
- Infectious laryngotracheitis. A deadly viral disease.
- Signs: cough, conjunctivitis, choking, depression, loss of appetite.
- Treatment: not performed. To prevent disease, birds are vaccinated with a virus vaccine.
- Colibacillosis. Bacterial intestinal disease.
- Symptoms: diarrhea, refusal to eat, rhinitis, lethargy.
- Treatment: Oral antibiotics (Lexoflon) are prescribed. To prevent the development of the disease, pheasants are vaccinated.
Non-infectious diseases of pheasants
Birds can get sick due to poor feeding and non-compliance with the conditions of their keeping. Often, pheasants are injured in fights, during mating games.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
To prevent diseases of birds, it is advisable to keep them in fenced aviaries and feed them with high-quality feed.
List of non-communicable diseases and their treatment:
- Dermatitis. Skin diseases arise from wounds on the body.
- Signs: redness of the skin area, seals, the formation of pimples, wounds.
- Therapy: the wounds are treated with an antiseptic, smeared with syntomycin ointment, sprinkled with streptocide.
- Frostbite. In severe frosts, the limbs of birds freeze, which they peck.
- Therapy: wound healing ointments ("Levomekol"), compresses, dressings.
- Fractures. Occur with injuries or lack of calcium in the body.
- Therapy: the application of a bandage on the wing, limb, trunk (carried out in the veterinary clinic).
- Clogged goiter. Blockage occurs due to overfeeding with raw grain or when birds swallow stones, pieces of tow, wool.
- Therapy: the pheasant is given vegetable oil, water, and the goiter is massaged. In severe cases, they go to the veterinary hospital (they do an operation to open the goiter).
- Cloacite. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cloaca occurs as a result of frequent constipation, lack of vitamins in the body.
- Symptoms: redness of the cloaca, diarrhea, depression, thirst.
- Therapy: an antibacterial ointment "Levomekol" is prescribed to lubricate the cloaca, a few drops of castor or vegetable oil are dripped into the beak.
A number of pheasant diseases are caused by parasites. Birds can become infected through someone else's droppings, dirty litter, contaminated feed, and soil. As a preventive measure, they try to keep pheasants clean, avoid contact with sick individuals.
List of invasive diseases and their treatment:
- Scabies. The disease is caused by small mites that affect the skin, which feed on blood.
- Symptoms: epidermal crusts appear in the place of accumulation of parasites, birds experience severe itching, peck at the affected area of the skin, tear with claws to blood.
- Therapy: application to the affected areas of birch tar, spray "Frontlay", boric petroleum jelly.
- Mites in the respiratory organs.
- Symptoms: cough, shortness of breath, choking, loss of appetite.
- Therapy: prescribed spray Milben Zerst (for spraying feathers) and Ivermek (for internal use).
- Puff lice and lice. Parasites that live on feathers and the body.
- Signs: pheasants lose feathers, become restless, scratch their bodies with their claws until they bleed.
- Therapy: spraying with Milben Zerst, Frontline sprays.
- Helminths. Parasites settle in the intestines of pheasants and feed on partially digested food.
- Symptoms: impaired digestive activity, abdominal enlargement, diarrhea, loss of appetite, sudden weight loss.
- Treatment: depending on the type of parasites, appoint "Febtal", "Phenothiazine", "Avatek", "Filixan", "Levamisole" or "Piperazin".
Metabolic disorders can occur due to poor feeding or keeping birds indoors. To prevent the development of diseases, it is recommended to give pheasants vitamin and mineral supplements.
List of diseases and their treatment:
- Hypovitaminosis (lack of vitamins A, D, E, group B). The disease occurs if there is little greenery, fresh vegetables (carrots), spruce branches in the feed of pheasants.
- Prevention: vitamin-enriched feeding, pharmacy vitamin and mineral supplements.
- Gout. Occurs when the kidneys are impaired.
- Signs: yellowish nodules on the limbs, from which, upon opening, a cheese-like exudate flows.
- Therapy: carried out in a veterinary hospital (opening of nodules, washing wounds).
- Pecking (cannibalism). It occurs when there is a lack of nutrients in feed (chalk, bone meal, herbs, fresh vegetables, salt, vitamins). Cannibalism can be caused by too dense planting of birds.