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Among the variety of flower cultures, some species hold a special place. This applies to those flowers that adorn any flower beds and summer cottages, but at the same time do not impose increased requirements on the content. Erigeron or small-petal is called an extensive type of garden flowers, planting and caring for which even novice florists can master.
Description and features
The Astrovye family is one of the largest flower families. It includes a variety of species with common characteristics. Erigeron or small-petaled is a bright representative of the family. It is represented by perennial and annual plants with a developed root system and small, frequent petals in the flower.
North America is considered the birthplace of small petals, from there it was brought to Europe and Asian countries. A variety of hybrid varieties have been bred by selection, which are successfully cultivated in different climatic conditions..
The most common way of growing erigeron is a seedling method. It is planted in areas of open ground after the bush gets stronger.
Small petal seeds are sown in winter. February is suitable for sowing if planting on an open ground area is planned to be carried out in late spring.
April is suitable for greenhouse sowing of small petals. The seedlings will be strong enough for permanent planting in spring or early summer.
Selection and preparation of seed
Small petal seeds for sowing are purchased in specialized departments of gardening stores or harvested independently in the fall. Small-petaled seeds are small, their germination is not stable, therefore, the seedling method of growing is considered the most suitable.
How to plant
Due to the peculiarity of small-petal seeds, large containers are purchased for planting. They are filled with prepared soil mixture. Then the seeds are spread over the surface, lightly sprinkled with sand or vermiculite on top. The seeds are not completely sprinkled with soil, otherwise they may not sprout at all.
Temperature and light conditions
For the emergence of seedlings, it is necessary to provide special conditions:
- temperature - not lower than + 20 degrees;
- daylight hours - at least 12 hours, fluorescent lamps are used for supplementary lighting.
Seedlings may be too frequent, so they dive after the appearance of 1-2 true leaves. For this, separate containers are purchased and filled with soil by two-thirds.
After the sprouts of the small-petaled plant are a little stronger, they are transferred to the veranda or glazed balcony. The air temperature should be reduced to +15 degrees. Small petals tolerate hardening well under the condition of constant supply of sunlight scattered light.
The first watering is carried out using a spray bottle. Until the emergence of full-fledged shoots, they moisten the upper part of the soil in this way. Then water the soil as it dries.
At the stage of growing seedlings, regular feeding is not carried out. Small petals will be satisfied with a single watering with potassium-phosphorus solutions during the budding period, as well as adding nitrogen at the stage of growing green mass.
In this case, the soil for sowing must be pre-fertilized with nutrients, this reserve is enough before planting in a permanent place of growth.
Landing in open ground
For seating, strong small-petal sprouts are chosen. Those that did not have enough time can be planted 1-1.5 weeks after the main seeding. Weak seedlings can remain on the territory of greenhouses for growing.
When to plant
Seedlings are planted in late May and early June. By this time, up to 4-5 leaves should have grown on the sprout. The soil should warm up to +15 degrees so that the roots of the seedlings quickly and easily adapt to new conditions.
Erigerons do not make high demands on the soil. They can grow on different soils, but prefer slightly alkaline loose soils with a drainage layer.
Landing is carried out by transshipment. This means that from a separate container, the plant, along with a lump of earth, is moved into the prepared hole. About 25 centimeters are left between the bushes. As a rule, the bushes are planted in rows. Leave at least 20 centimeters between them.
After planting on the site, they adhere to the rules for caring for small petals. Erigeron needs stability.
Flowers do not need excessive watering. Constant waterlogging of the soil can lead to root rot.
Loosening and weeding
The soil around the small-petaled bushes is loosened after each rain. They also make sure that weeds do not spread around. They often carry diseases and parasitic insects.
Many gardeners recommend mulching the soil around the bushes to prevent weeds from spreading. For this, mowed grass is used. The mulch layer should not be too dense, so that the soil does not become damp and hardened.
Erigeron does not need feeding. They are carried out only at the budding stage in order to add additional potassium and phosphorus to the soil. An oversupply of fertilizer can lead to a change in the acidity of the soil, which negatively affects the development of the stems.
Diseases and pests
Small petals easily get sick with rot varieties. These fungal infections are caused by excessive moisture in the soil. First of all, the root rots, then wet spots begin to appear on the stems and leaves. To combat diseases and pests, the plant is sprayed with fungicides before and after flowering.
Pruning is necessary for culture throughout its entire existence. It is carried out with sharp garden shears at different stages.
In the spring, perennials are regularly pruned. Old and damaged shoots are cut at the root.
To extend the flowering period, faded inflorescences are regularly removed. Overgrown bushes are pruned in order to maintain the quality of flowering.
Collection and storage of seeds
After flowering, the stem of the small petal is tied with gauze. This helps to harvest the seeds when they are fully ripe and begin to crumble.
Preparing for winter
Before wintering, the stems are cut, leaving about 2-3 centimeters above ground level. These bushes are covered with spruce branches or industrial material.
Advice! In order for erigeron not to freeze out, it is mulched with a layer of peat, and then covered with additional materials.
Breeders have developed many different varieties of small petals. The basis for this was the popular species that have similar external characteristics.
This is one of the main types of erigeron. The stem grows up to 70 centimeters, the diameter of the flowers reaches 5-7 centimeters. The shade of the petals of this species varies from lilac to burgundy, the center of the flower is decorated with a yellow core.
This species is called daisy-leaved. The flowers are small in size and look like daisies. The bush grows up to 60 centimeters. The peculiarity of the species lies in the gradual change in the shade of the petals. The beginning of flowering is marked by turning white, then the petals turn pink, and by the end of the season they turn orange.
Erigeron of this species grows in the northwest of the Chinese provinces. The height of the bush reaches 40 centimeters. Small single orange flowers grow up to 30 millimeters in diameter.
One of the oldest species found in the mountainous regions of Asia and Europe. The bush reaches 30 centimeters, small lilac-pink flowers have a yellow center.
Bushes grow up to 80 centimeters. The roots go deep into the soil. As a rule, this species has large overgrown bushes.
It is named so due to the fact that the stems are almost devoid of leaves. Platinum plates surround only the base. Flowers are lavender, single.
A small bush stretches up to 8 centimeters. Single flowers adorn a thin, bright green stem.
The root system of this species is better developed than the aboveground one. The flowers are single, blue, with bright yellow centers.
The species is similar to the representatives of the Alpine type. The difference between them lies in the shade of the petals. In the northern small-petal, they can take on pale blue and lilac-blue shades.
This species can be found in the thickets of the tundra. The stems can grow from 5 to 35 centimeters. Petals can be blue, blue, purple.
This plant is not grown as a decorative element. Small white flowers with a yellow center are inconspicuous from afar. The bush stretches out to only 20 centimeters.
The bushes reach 75 centimeters, small pale flowers bloom on them. According to gardeners, this species bears a resemblance to the wild buttercup.
Among small-petals, hybrid varieties are the most popular. Each of them has special features and is used in different ways in landscape design.
It is a terry variety with reed-type petals. Shades range from pink to deep red.
The petals of the variety have a dark purple hue. By type they are terry varieties.
The flowers look unusual due to their coloration. They are always light blue with a yellow center inside.
Lavender-colored inflorescences are known for their resistance to winds. Bushes grow up to 70 centimeters. The green mass is actively developed on the stems.
Unusual variety. On one bush, baskets of pink and peach shades bloom at the same time. The tongues of both species are bright yellow.
Red inflorescence baskets are classified as semi-double varieties. The bushes are small, up to 30-40 centimeters long.
The variety belongs to the terry varieties. The shade of the petals is pink.
If there is an adult bush on the site, it is quite simple to breed any variety. In addition, there is always the opportunity to use the seed method.
In the spring, a suitable stalk is chosen on an adult small-petaled plant. It is separated with a sharp instrument along with the heel and planted near the mother plant under a film. After the appearance of green leaves on the handle, it is transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
The seed method involves growing seedlings. Small petal seeds are very small, therefore, when sowing, they use the entire harvest harvested in the fall..
Dividing the bush
Overgrown adult bushes are propagated by division. To do this, part of the root system is dug up, carefully cut off. Then the mother plant is strengthened in the same place, and the cut is transplanted to another place. To adapt, the delen needs only a few days, since the small-petaled plant easily tolerates planting.
Features of growing at home
Home cultivation of a crop is associated with constant monitoring of the condition of the soil. Excessively moist soil threatens the development of fungal diseases of the root system. The plant is known for being easily adaptable to any conditions.
Benefits and Dangers
Erigeron is famous as a medicinal plant. The properties of petals and flowers are especially valuable when using decoctions and infusions. Small petals are taken to stabilize hematopoiesis and improve blood counts. Funds based on it help with rheumatism, arthritis, joint pain.
Warning! The flowers of the alpine small-petal are not used for infusions, since when exposed to auxiliary alcohol elements, they emit harmful substances.
Use in landscape design
Small petal bushes are suitable for decorating the site:
- it is made a limiter of space;
- planted as a curb element;
- grown in alpine and multi-level flower beds.
Tall small-petaled bushes need additional support, since heavy inflorescence baskets pull thin stems to the ground. Low bushes look more impressive on the upper tiers of multi-level flower beds.