Potato "Impala": description of the variety and recommendations for growing

Potato "Impala": description of the variety and recommendations for growing

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Dutch ripening impala table potatoes of Dutch selection are intended for harvesting twice in one season. Despite the fact that the claimed period from seedlings to technical maturity is 70-75 days, this variety is suitable for consumption within a month and a half after planting.

Biological features of the variety

Bushes of potatoes "Impala" are very high and quite thick, well leafy. An upright plant reaches a height of 0.75 m. As a rule, each potato bush consists of 4-5 stems on which white inflorescences form during mass flowering. Potato leaves are medium in size, pronounced green, with slight waviness. The plant is resistant to cancer, pathotype-1 and is practically not affected by the golden potato nematode R01.

Tuber Characterization

The root crops of the Impala potato are oval, with small eyes, covered with a smooth yellow peel. The pulp of the fruit is light yellow, contains no more than 14.6% starch. The average amount of dry matter in the pulp is 17.7%. The average weight of the root crop varies from 88 to 150 g.

The number of tubers on one bush can be from 16 to 21, the yield of marketable tubers is 89-94%. Shelf life of root crops is very high. Under favorable conditions, in the southern regions there is the possibility of obtaining two crops of this variety in one season. Potato "Impala" has average resistance to scab and late blight of tubers.

Potato "Impala": harvesting

Planting Material Requirements

For planting "Impala" recommended seed material corresponding to GOST R 53136-2008. Potato planting periods vary, but in the Central Federal District it is better to produce it at the end of April or the first decade of May, when the soil is sufficiently warmed up and the moisture necessary for germination is maintained. For planting, plots that were previously used for growing legumes, winter crops and perennial grasses are preferred.

The key to obtaining a good harvest is the correct and timely preparation of seed material in the spring.

  • The first few days, the temperature regime necessary for high-quality germination should be + 18 ... +25 ° C, and then, before planting, you should lower the temperature to + 12 ... +14 ° C, as well as increase the illumination of tubers.
  • To increase the number of eyes on a potato tuber, ringing should be performed, i.e. make a transverse circular incision closer to the top of the tuber.

  • The processing of seed before planting with strong chemicals has become very popular in recent years and is regarded by many as a guarantee of a quality crop that is resistant to diseases. However, a positive result can be achieved by using less harmful means, such as potassium permanganate, wood ash and boric acid.
  • It is recommended to immerse the box with fully germinated seed tubers in a potassium permanganate solution (prepare the solution at the rate of 1 g of potassium permanganate per bucket of water) and soak in it for 30-40 minutes, and then dust the tubers with wood ash.

A good result is the addition of ash to each planting hole during the spring planting of potatoes. Planting rows located in the north-south, north-west or south-east directions receive more uniform sunlight, which contributes to an increase in overall productivity, as well as an increase in the starchiness of potato tubers.

Features of growing varieties

It is strictly forbidden to grow potatoes for several years in a row on one site, or plant them after any crops that belong to the nightshade family, including peppers, tomatoes and eggplant. Crop rotation is one of the most important aspects of potato cultivation.

The small depth of incorporation of the Impala variety, in the presence of well-warmed soil, contributes to faster rooting and germination of tubers. After planting, rows should be sealed with a hoe, forming a soil ridge 8-10 cm high.

About a week after planting, and also necessarily after rains, careful harrowing of the ridges is carried out using a rake, which helps to destroy threadlike weeds, as well as destroy the earth's surface crust, which prevents soil aeration. If necessary, apply fertilizers such as humus, mullein or bird droppings, you can close them with a hoe directly into the ground, but only after heavy watering or rain.

Irrigation measures are rarely recommended, but make them as abundant as possible, which will allow you to well wet the soil layer to a depth of at least 40 cm. For this purpose, approximately 400-500 liters of water should be used on average for every 10 square meters of landings. Watering is carried out at least three times during the growing season, with an interval of 10 days.

After harvesting, the Impala potatoes are well preserved and begin to sprout among the most recent.

Yield technology

The popularity of the "Impala" variety has grown very much in recent years, since its cultivation has long been a guarantee of high-quality, stable high yields and maximum preservation of the obtained tubers. Numerous trials of this vegetable crop have shown that it is optimally suited for cultivation in the southern regions.

Many years of experience in cultivating the "Impala" variety allows us to highlight some features that have a beneficial effect on its productivity and the quality of tubers.

  1. Potatoes of this variety work well on various types of soil, but only if the soil is previously qualitatively fertilized, it is loose and sufficiently moist. In addition, the soil must necessarily be rich in humus, and also have a sufficiently deep arable layer.
  2. The most rapid development and emergence of seedlings is observed at a temperature of + 18 ... +25 ° C, and flowering and friendly formation of tubers is observed at a temperature of + 17 ... +20 ° C.
  3. High productivity is achieved when about 250-300 mm of atmospheric precipitation falls out during the growing season; therefore, the most uniform soil moisture is an important condition for the full growth and development of Impala potatoes.
  4. To get not one but two potato crops, you must collect the first, early crop in cloudy weather, pick up the tubers, and then plant the potato bush a second time, spilling the hole with plenty of water. Such an event allows for the harvesting of the main crop to form a second crop on the plants.

We also offer you to get acquainted with the characteristics and rules of growing potatoes "Ivan da Marya".

How to plant Impala potatoes under straw

Potato growers reviews

The top impala potato was bred in the Netherlands in 1995, but in an extremely short time it became a favorite and popular variety among Russians. Choosing it for cultivation on a personal plot allows you to get a very early crop of root crops with an excellent presentation and excellent taste.

This potato is considered a sprinter and therefore is in great demand among farmers who specialize in growing early varieties. The most popular today, according to the reviews of potato growers, the Impala variety is gaining weight quickly and gives a stable crop in any weather.