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Gooseberries, or Ríbes úva-críspa, are cultivated almost everywhere in our country. Wild gooseberries are found in the Caucasus, Ukraine, Transcaucasia and Central Asia, as well as in some areas of North Africa and America.
The plant belongs to the category of main berry shrubs, due to the high content of sugars, acids and vitamins in its fruits. Gooseberries are suitable for fresh consumption as well as raw materials for jam, jelly, marmalade and even wine.
How to choose a grade
To date, more than one and a half thousand varieties of gooseberries are known: It is cultivated in most temperate countries.
The main disadvantage of this culture is the thorns on the bushes. They greatly complicate the growing process, especially plant care and harvesting. Recently, breeders have managed to obtain unusual varieties in which the thorns are completely absent. As a result, such forms have become the most popular in private gardening. However, when choosing gooseberries should also be guided by the purpose of using the crop.
Industrial cultivation involves the use of varieties characterized by good transportability. For home use, gooseberries with high taste are suitable. In addition, the climatic and weather conditions of the cultivation region must be taken into account.
In the suburbs, the climate has its own characteristics. The winter period is very long, and in the summer the number of sunny and warm days may be insufficient. Therefore, the optimal for the Moscow Region, according to most experts, is the planting of winter-resistant subspecies with a strong root structure that adapt well to changing weather conditions and easily tolerate strong and gusty winds. In particular, American-European hybrids fall under this description.
Gooseberry: variety selection
Bearingless varieties for Moscow region
Listed below are popular non-studded gooseberry varieties with characteristics suitable for the climatic conditions of the Moscow Region.
A variety of medium ripening. The berries are round, medium in size, sweet and sour to the taste, collected in brushes of 1-2 pieces. It is used fresh, and also for preparations for the winter period. It is characterized by resistance to fungal diseases. It easily tolerates winters near Moscow.
It has single, almost imperceptible spikes. Pear-shaped berries, collected in a brush in two pieces. Ripe fruits are characterized by a rich dark color and a pleasant taste, as well as the presence of small seeds. The variety is rich in pectin.
Forms vigorous bushes with single spikes, light green large fruits, andwith dessert sweet taste with a slight sourness. Suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for workpieces for the winter. Resistant to powdery mildew and other diseases.
Has rare single spikes, almost imperceptible. Oval berries are distinguished by a black tint and a noticeable waxy coating, collected in brushes of two or three pieces. Fresh fruits have average taste and therefore are often used for winemaking. The variety has excellent yield, is easily acclimatized in the conditions of the Moscow Region and is almost not affected by fungal diseases.
Large-fruited varieties for the suburbs
Large gooseberries are not only attractive in appearance and have excellent taste, but also very convenient when harvesting. The following varieties won the most popularity in the Moscow Region:
The variety is resistant to cold and is characterized by early fruiting. Bushes are compact in size and pronounced squat. All shoots have oblong and rather sharp thorns. The berries are large, green in color, very sweet. The average weight of one fetus can exceed 9 g. The variety is resistant to disease and is undemanding in care.
A variety popular with gardeners not only in the Moscow Region, but also in the northern region of the country. The bushes are medium in height and density, with small, rather thin spines. The weight of the berries reaches 6 g. The burgundy-colored fruits have a very tart and sweet taste with a slight acidity. The variety is high-yielding, hardy and unpretentious, but in the first few years requires formation.
Forms medium height bushes with a compact crown. It is characterized by a significant number of long sharp spikes located along the entire length of the shoots. Taste qualities are characterized as good. The berries are sweet with a slight acidity. With quality care, the average weight of berries can reach 5 g. The variety is cold-resistant, but prone to fungal infections.
Forms tall bushes with sprawling shoots and a thick basal rosette. On plants there is a small amount of thorns. Berries have a pleasant green color. All fruits reaches 6 g. Cthe ort is characterized by frost resistance and is practically not affected by powdery mildew.
High-yielding variety very popular in our country. Forms tall and quick bushes. Shoots have small and thin spikes. The berries are rounded, weighing about 8 g, dark cherry color. The pulp tastes good, the skin is a little tart. The main advantages of the variety are resistance to damage by fungi and high productivity. Weakened plants do not tolerate temperature extremes. Bushes require regular pruning to increase productivity.
Gooseberry Care in Moscow Region
With strict observance of all the rules for planting gooseberry bushes, there is no need for fertilizer and foliar top dressing in the first three years. Further feeding is carried out annually in the early spring. As fertilizers, it is recommended to use mullein or compost diluted in water. Good results are observed when minerals such as nitrate and superphosphates are added.
How to care for gooseberries
In the summer, the soil around the bushes should be regularly loosened and cleaned of weeds. It is forbidden to use any chemicals to control weeds. After the threat of freezing frost is over, it is recommended to sprinkle plant shoots with hot enough water: such hardening has a beneficial effect on unblown buds.
All gooseberry varieties require competent pruning. It is necessary to annually remove old and non-fruiting branches, as well as cut extra shoots, maintaining a distance of 15-20 cm between the main shoots. Preventive pruning should be done in early March or before winter frosts. Otherwise, gooseberry care is standard and fairly simple.