Shrub chrysanthemum: the best varieties and growing rules

Shrub chrysanthemum: the best varieties and growing rules

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In varietal abundance and a variety of species, chrysanthemum bush occupies a very significant segment, due to the possibility of obtaining a full and very beautiful bouquet consisting of only one flower branch.

Characterization of spray chrysanthemum

Bush chrysanthemum belongs to the family Astrovidae, or Compositae. Plant height can vary from 30 cm to 1.5 m. The range of colors and shades of the plant is very wide. Tubular flowers are yellow in color, and for reed flowers, white, yellow or pink are characteristic. There are even green flowers! Shrub chrysanthemums fully develop when grown in one site for no more than five years. Then the plant loses its decorative qualities.

The best varieties

Currently, spray chrysanthemum is very popular among gardeners: it is unpretentious and very suitable for landscape design due to the variety of varieties and hybrid forms.

Chrysanthemums: Care and Reproduction

Chrysanthemum Baltic (Baltica)

One of the most popular varieties that looks great in cut and is widely used in landscape design.

Grade nameThe main characteristic
“Baltika white” (Baltica white)Snow-white spray chrysanthemum. Stem height - 65-70 cm. Suitable for cutting. Unpretentious.
“Baltic yellow” (Baltica yellow)Lemon-yellow spray chrysanthemum. The largest. Stem height - 60-65 cm. Very popular.
“Baltic pink” (Baltica Pink)The combination of mint and pink tones creates a spectacular floral composition. Stem height -80-85 cm.
Baltika LimeUnique green coloring and large-flowering make this bush chrysanthemum a favorite in any floral arrangement.

Optimist, or Optimist

The new Optimist anemone chrysanthemum attracts the attention of flower growers with its unusual flower structure and high decorativeness.

Grade nameThe main characteristic
Optimist WhiteLarge flowers with petals of a delicate pink-lilac color and a green central part. Look very impressive on flower beds and in cut.
Optimist PinkRefers to small-flowered varieties. Has large anemone-like flowers with white petals and a greenish core.

Saba, or Saba

A variety of chrysanthemums with this unusual name belongs to the category of flowering bush plants with dense carved leaves with deep longitudinal grooves. Saba is considered one of the brightest representatives of spray chrysanthemums due to its white-burgundy flowers, having incredibly beautiful tubular petals. This is a medium late flowering variety. The height of the bush is 110 cm, and the diameter of the flower is about 10 cm.

Mona Lisa, or Mona Lisa

Chrysanthemums of this variety look great both on their own in flower beds and in flower arrangements.

Grade name

The main characteristic
"Mona Lisa pink" (Mona Lisa pink)Chrysanthemum of medium late flowering. The height of the bush reaches 170 cm. The flowers are lilac-pink, with a green center. The diameter of the flower is about 7 cm.
"Mona Lisa white" (Mona Lisa white)Mid-term flowering. The height of the bush reaches 170 cm. The flowers are white, with a green center, with a diameter of 6 to 8 cm.
"Mona Lisa cream" (Mona Lisa cream)Mid-term flowering. The height of the bush reaches 170 cm. Lemon-colored flowers, with a green center, with a diameter of 6 to 8 cm. Wide petals almost completely cover the center.

Green Bush Chrysanthemums

Shrub chrysanthemums of green color give the flower design an originality and significantly refresh any floral arrangement. To date, several such varieties have been bred.

Grade nameThe main characteristic
Santini Palm GreenNew variety. Bright green chrysanthemum with pompom inflorescences.
Galiaro GreenGreen needle bush chrysanthemum. The flower has a high decorative value due to its unusual shade.
"Green Lizard" (Grin Lizard)Chrysanthemum of medium late flowering. The height of the bush reaches 130 cm. The flowers are 6-7 cm in diameter. Perfectly cut.
Eagle Owl (Feeling Green)Light green bush chrysanthemum with a spherical bud shape.
Yoko OnoNamed after a Japanese artist, the chrysanthemum has lush green pom-poms with a diameter of 3 cm. It blooms in early November.
FroggyThe plant has small spherical flowers of green color. It blooms in October.

Landing rules

Chrysanthemum Bush is a very photophilous plant. It is recommended to plant bushes in the southern areas of flower beds and flower beds. For preventive purposes, chrysanthemum bushes should be sprayed with a solution of phosphamide before planting, as well as before autumn digging.

Bush chrysanthemums prefer nutritious and loose soils. Insufficiently fertile soil must be fertilized. For this purpose, you can use rotted manure or peat. An overabundance of nutrients inhibits the formation of buds and flowering. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic.

It is advisable to plant chrysanthemums on a cloudy day. After planting, abundant watering is carried out, and if necessary, plants are shaded. Immediately after planting the bushes in the soil, it is necessary to pinch the plants (i.e. shorten the stems). 20 days after planting, repeated pinching of the bushes is carried out with breaking out the upper part of the stems together with a couple of nodes.

Care Features

Care for bush chrysanthemum is standard and includes regular soil loosening, watering, systematic application of mineral and organic fertilizers.

At the beginning of the growing season, it is necessary to fertilize the chrysanthemum with complex fertilizers, and also make potash fertilizers a couple of times a season. You can also activate the growth of bushes with nitrogen fertilizers, and phosphorus and potassium top dressing are effective in the budding phase.

When forming a bush in spring, too long green shoots are subject to shortening, which allows you to get attractive, abundantly flowering plants.

Watering is carried out as the soil dries but you must not dry or moisten the soil too much. After watering, loosening the soil and removing weeds from the flower bed or flower bed is carried out.

To protect against major pests and diseases, it is recommended to spray chrysanthemum bushes “Actellicus”, “Fufanon”, “Actara”, “Fitoverm”, “Iskra” or "Tanrecom."

Combination with other plants

Spray chrysanthemum is widely used in landscaping and landscape design. Autumn flowering plants go well with fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. Very often, chrysanthemums are planted against the background of tall perennials, such as rudbeckia, dahlias, echinacea purpurea, shrubby and English asters, and volzhanka. Also, chrysanthemum goes well in mixed plantings with ornamental cabbage. She looks very good and like a tapeworm on the lawn.

How to plant chrysanthemum in spring

Thus, bush chrysanthemum can be used in almost any type of flower decoration, including the design of rabatok and group plantings, and also used as a pot culture.